Clement’s Use of Aristotle: The Aristotelian Contribution to Clement of Alexandria’s Refutation of Gnosticism. Texts and Studies in Religion 1 (New York: The Edwin Mellen Press, 1977).
Women and Religion: A Feminist Sourcebook of Christian Thought (with Herbert Richardson) (New York: Harper and Row, 1977). Second revised edition (with Herbert Richardson, Gary Brower, and Randall Styers) (San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco, 1996).
“Sexual Politics in the Writings of John Chrysostom,” Anglican Theological Review 59 (1977): 3-20.
“John Chrysostom and the Subintroductae,” Church History 46 (1977): 171-185.
Jerome, Chrysostom, and Friends: Essays and Translations. Studies in Women and Religion 2 (New York: The Edwin Mellen Press, 1979).
The Golden Bough, The Oaken Cross: The Virgilian Cento of Faltonia Betitia Proba (with Diane Hatch). American Academy of Religion, Texts and Translations 5 (Chico, California: Scholars Press, 1981).
“Jesus the Hero in the Virgilian Cento of Faltonia Betitia Proba,” Vergilius 27 (1981): 31-3 (with Diane Hatch).
“Ascetic Renunciation and Feminine Advancement: A Paradox of Late Ancient Christianity,” Anglican Theological Review 63 (1981): 240-257.
“The Virgilian Cento of Faltonia Betitia Proba,” Studia Patristica 18. Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Patristic Studies (Oxford: Pergamon Press, 1982), 412-416.
“Claims on the Bones of St. Stephen: The Partisans of Melania and Eudocia,” Church History 51 (1982): 141-156 (Nominated by the editors for the Berkshire Conference Prize for the best article by a woman historian in 1982).
“The State and Future of Historical Theology: Patristic Studies,” in In Memory of Wilhelm Pauck: Memorial Notices, Liturgical Pieces, Essays and Addresses, ed. David Lotz (New York: Union Theological Seminary, 1982), 44-56.
Women in the Early Church (Wilmington: Michael Glazier, Inc., 1983).
“Introduction,” John Chrysostom’s On Virginity and Against Remarriage, trans. Sally Shore (New York: The Edwin Mellen Press, 1983), vii-xlii.
The Life of Melania the Younger: Introduction, Translation, and Commentary. Studies in Women and Religion 14 (New York: The Edwin Mellen Press, 1984).
“Authority and Humility: A Conflict of Values in Fourth-Century Female Monasticism,” Byzantinische Forschungen 9 (1985): 17-33.
“Jewish and Christian Self-Definition,” essay review for Religious Studies Review 11, 2 (1985): 129-133.
Ascetic Piety and Women’s Faith: Essays on Late Ancient Christianity (Toronto: The Edwin Mellen Press, 1986) (1986 Adele Mellen prize for distinguished contributions to scholarship).
“‘Adam’s Only Companion’: Augustine and the Early Christian Debate on Marriage,” Recherches Augustiniennes 21 (1986): 139-162; reprinted in The Olde Daunce: Love, Friendship, and Desire in the Medieval World, ed. Stephen Spector (Binghamton, N.Y.: State University of New York Press, 1990), 15-31.
“The Place of Jerome’s Commentary on Ephesians in the Origenist Controversy: The Apokatastasis and Ascetic Ideals,” Vigiliae Christianae 41 (1987): 154-171.
“Vitiated Seeds and Holy Vessels: Augustine’s Manichean Past,” in Gnosticism and Images of the Feminine, ed. Karen King (Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1988): 367-401.
“Clement of Alexandria,” Encyclopedia of Religion, ed. Mircea Eliade (New York: Macmillan Publishing Company), III: 532-534; updated version, 2003.
“Heresy, Asceticism, Adam, and Eve: Interpretations of Genesis 1-3 in the Later Latin Fathers,” in Intrigue in the Garden: Genesis 1-3 in the History of Interpretation, ed. Gregory Robbins (Toronto: The Edwin Mellen Press, 1988), 99-133.
“A Reply to Howard Bloch’s ‘Medieval Misogyny,’” Medieval Feminist Newsletter, Winter 1988.
Sisters and Workers in the Middle Ages (co-editor) (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1989).
“Piety, Propaganda, and Politics in the Life of Melania the Younger,” Studia Patristica 18, 2. Papers of the 1983 Oxford Patristics Conference, ed. Elizabeth A. Livingstone (Kalamazoo, Mich.: Cistercian Publications, 1989), 167-183.
“Devil’s Gateway and Bride of Christ: Women in the Early Christian World,” in Women and a New Academy: Gender and Cultural Contexts, ed. Jean O’Barr (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1989), 81-102.
“Theory and Practice in Late Ancient Asceticism: Jerome, Chrysostom, and Augustine,” Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion 5 (1989): 25-46.
“Foucault, the Fathers, and Sex,” Journal of the American Academy of Religion 56 (1989), 619-641 (reprint in Foucault and Theology: The Politics of Religious Experience, ed. James Bernauer and Jeremy Carrette [Ashgate Press, 2004]).
“Patrons, Not Priests: Women and Power in Late Ancient Christianity,” Gender and History 2 (1990): 253-273.
“Eve”; “Women”; “Sexuality”: articles for the Garland Encyclopedia of Early Christianity (New York and London, 1990); for 2nd ed. (1996), “Origenist Controversy.”
“Selections from Julian of Eclanum’s Ad Florum” (introduction and translation), in Ascetic Behavior in Greco-Roman Antiquity: A Source Book, ed. Vincent Wimbush (Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1990), 156-168.
“Chrysostom and Pauline Social Ethics,” in Paul and the Legacies of Paul, ed. William S. Babcock (Dallas: Southern Methodist University Press, 1990), 193-199.
“Early Christian Women: Sources and Interpretations,” in “That Gentle Strength“, ed. L. Coons et al. (Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 1990), 19-35.
“New Perspectives on the Origenist Controversy: Human Embodiment and Ascetic Strategies,” Church History 59 (1990): 145-162.
“Gibbon Redivivus: Peter Brown’s The Body and Society” (review essay), Journal of Religion 70 (1990): 432-436.
“Elite Networks and Heresy Accusations: Towards a Social Description of the Origenist Controversy,” Semeia 56 (1991): 81-117.
“From Origenism to Pelagianism: Elusive Issues in an Ancient Debate,” Princeton Seminary Bulletin 12 (1991): 283-303.
The Origenist Controversy: The Cultural Construction of an Early Christian Debate (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1992).
“Biblical Interpretation in the Early Church,” in Oxford Study Bible, ed. M. Jack Suggs et al. (New York: Oxford University Press, 1992), 129-140.
“Eusebius on Women in Early Church History,” in Eusebius, Christianity, and Judaism, ed. H.W. Attridge and G. Hata (Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1992), 256-269.
“Sex, Shame, and Rhetoric: En-gendering Early Christian Ethics,” Journal of the American Academy of Religion 59 (1992): 221-245.
“Ideology, History, and the Construction of ‘Woman’ in Late Ancient Christianity,” Journal of Early Christian Studies 2 (1994): 155-184. Reprinted in A Feminist Companion to Patristic Literature, ed. Amy-Jill Levine (London/New York: T. & T. Clark, 2008), 101-124.
“Contesting Abraham: The Ascetic Reader and the Politics of Intertextuality” in The Social World of the First Christians: Essays in Honor of Wayne A. Meeks, ed. L. Michael White and O. Larry Yarbrough (Minneapolis: Augsburg/Fortress Press, 1995), 353-365.
“Anti-Familial Tendencies in Ancient Christianity,” Journal of the History of Sexuality 5 (1995): 356-380.
“The Ascetic Impulse in Religious Life: A General Response,” in Asceticism, ed. Vincent L. Wimbush and Richard Valantasis (New York/Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995), 505-510.
“Perilous Readings: Jerome, Asceticism, and Heresy,” Proceedings of the Villanova Patristic, Medieval and Renaissance Conference 19/20 (Villanova: Augustinian Historical Institute, 1996), 15-33.
Augustine on Marriage and Sexuality. (Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America Press, 1997).
“Melania the Elder and the Origenist Controversy: The Status of the Body in a Late Ancient Debate,” in Nova et Vetera: Patristic Studies in Honor of Thomas Patrick Halton, ed. John Petruccione (Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of American Press, 1997), 117-127.
“Peter Brown’s The World of Late Antiquity,” Symbolae Osloenses: Norwegian Journal of Greek and Latin Studies 72 (1997): 37-39.
“Reading Asceticism: Exegetical Strategies in the Early Christian Rhetoric of Renunciation,” Biblical Interpretation 5 (1997): 82-105.
“Sane Insanity: Women and Asceticism in Late Ancient Christianity,” Medieval Encounters 3 (1997): 1-20.
“Spiritual Reading”: The Profit and Peril of Figurative Exegesis in Early Christian Asceticism,” in Prayer and Spirituality in the Early Church, ed. Pauline Allen et al. (Canberra: Australian Catholic University, 1998), I: 251-274.
“Holy Women, Holy Words: Early Christian Women, Social History, and the ‘Linguistic Turn,'” Journal of Early Christian Studies 6 (1998): 413-430.
“The Lady Vanishes: Dilemmas of a Feminist Historian after the ‘Linguistic Turn,” Church History 67 (1998): 1-31.
Reading Renunciation: Asceticism and Scripture in Early Christianity (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1999).
“Constraining the Body, Expanding the Text: The Exegesis of Divorce in the Later Latin Fathers,” in The Limits of Ancient Christianity: Essays on Late Antique Thought in Honor of R. A. Markus, ed. William Klingshirn and Mark Vessey (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1999), pp. 153-171.
“Asceticism and Augustine,” “Asceticism, Pre-Augustine,” “Melania the Elder,” “Melania the Younger,” “Origenist Controversy”: articles for Saint Augustine through the Ages: An Encyclopedia (San Francisco: Garland Publishing, 1999), 67-71, 552-553, 605-607.
“Rufinus of Aquileia,” Harvard Encyclopedia of Late Antiquity (Cambridge: Harvard University Press,1999), 674-75.
“Rewriting Early Christian History: Augustine’s Representation of Monica,” in Portraits of Spiritual Authority, ed. Jan Willem Drijvers and John Watt (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1999), 3-23.
“Generation, Degeneration, Regeneration: Original Sin and the Conception of Jesus in the Polemic Between Augustine and Julian of Eclanum,” in Generation and Degeneration: Tropes of Reproduction in Literature and History from Antiquity to Early Modern Europe, ed. Valeria Finucci and Kevin Brownlee (Durham: Duke University Press, 2000), 17-40.
“Women, Gender, and the Study of Christian History,” Church History 70 (2001): 395-426.
“Creating Foundation, Creating Authorities: Reading Practices and Christian Identities,” in Religious Identity and the Problem of Historical Foundation, ed. Willemien Otten and Gerard Rouwhorst (Leiden: Brill, 2004), 553-572.
“On Not Retracting the Unconfessed,” in Augustine and Postmodernism: Confessions and Circumfession, ed. John D. Caputo and Michael Scanlon (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2005), 222-43.
“Engendering the Study of Religion,” in The Future of the Study of Religion: Proceedings of Congress 2000, ed. Slavica Jakelic and Lori Pearson (Leiden/Boston: Brill, 2004), 217-242.
History, Theory, Text: Historians and the Linguistic Turn (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2004).
“Rewriting the History of Early Christianity,” in The Past before Us: The Challenge of Historiographies of Late Antiquity, ed. Carole Straw and Richard Lim (Turnhout: Brepols, 2004), 61-68.
“Dissuading from Marriage: Jerome and the Asceticization of Satire,” in Satirical Advice on Women and Marriage: From Plautus to Chaucer, ed. Warren S. Smith (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2005), 154-181.
“Origen, the Jews, and the Song of Songs: Allegory and Polemic in Christian Antiquity,” in Perspectives on the Song of Songs, ed. Anselm C. Hagedorn. Beihefte zur Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 346 (Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2005), 274-93.
“Distinguishing ‘Distinction’: Considering Peter Brown’s Reconsiderations,” Augustinian Studies 36:1 (2005): 237-250.
“Asceticism, Class, and Gender,” in The People’s History of Christianity II: Late Ancient Christianity, general editor, Dennis Janz; volume editor, Virginia Burrus (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2005), 27-45 plus notes.
“Thinking with Women: The Uses of the Appeal to ‘Woman’ in Pre-Nicene Christian Propaganda Literature,” in The Spread of Christianity in the First Four Centuries: Essays in Explanation, ed. William Harris. Columbia Studies in the Classical Tradition 27 (Leiden: Brill, 2005), 43-52.
“History, Theology, and Context: The Analysis of Romans in Bernadette Brooten’s Love Between Women and Francis Watson’s Agape, Eros, Gender,” in Gender, Tradition, and Romans: Shared Ground, Uncertain Borders, ed. Cristina Grenholm and Daniel Patte (New York/London: T & T Clark, 2005), 195-207.
“Engaging Bruce Lincoln,” Method & Theory in the Study of Religion 17.1 (2005): 11-17.
“Augustine,” in Sex From Plato to Paglia: A Philosophical Encyclopedia, ed. Alan G. Soble (Westport, Conn./London: Greenwood Press, 2006), I: 74-83.
“Sarah and Hagar: Interpretive Fate Amid the Church Fathers,” in Sarah, Hagar, and Their Children: Jewish, Christian, and Muslim Perspectives, ed. Phyllis Trible and Letty Russell (Louisville: Westminster/John Knox Press, 2006), 127-147.
“Genesis 1-3 and Gender Dilemmas: The Case of John Chrysostom,” in Körper und Seele: Aspekte spätantiker Anthropologie, ed. Barbara Feichtinger, Stephen Lake, Helmut Seng. Beiträge zur Altertumskunde 215 (München/Leipzig, 2006), 1-21.
“Renouncing Renunciation: Early Christian Asceticism in America,” in From Rome to Constantinople: Essays in Honour of Averil Cameron, ed. H. Amirav and B. Ter Haar Romeny (Leuven: Peeters Press, 2007), 357-375.
“The Celibate Bridegroom and His Virginal Brides: Metaphor and the Marriage of Jesus in Early Christian Ascetic Exegesis,” Church History 77.1 (March 2008): 1-25.
“From Patristics to Early Christian Studies,” in Oxford Handbook of Early Christianity, ed. Susan Ashbrook Harvey and David Hunter (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008), 7-41.
“Contested Bodies: Early Christian Asceticism and Nineteenth-Century Polemics,” Journal of Early Christian Studies 17.2 (May 2009): 281-307.
“Postcolonial Theory and the Study of Christian History: Introduction,” Church History 78.4 (December 2009): 847-848.
“What’s the Matter with Marriage? Some Early Christian Answers.” Witherspoon Lectures, University of North Carolina-Charlotte. Pamphlet version printed by Department of Religious Studies, University of North Carolina-Charlotte. 2010.
“Happiness in Hell, Virtue in the Middle State: The Church Fathers and Some Nineteenth-Century Debates,” Studia Patristica 48: Papers from the 2007 Oxford International Patristics Conference, Oxford. (Leuven:Peeters Press, 2010), 403-418.
“Asceticism,” “Origenist Controversy,” “Virginity, Theology of.” Cambridge Dictionary of Christianity, ed. Daniel Patte. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010), pp. 76-77, 891-892, 1293
Founding the Fathers: Early Church History and Protestant Professors in Nineteenth-Century America. (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2011).
“Status Feminae: Tertullian and the Uses of Paul,” in The Reception of Paul in the Early Church: Tertullian and Paul, ed. Todd Still and David Wilhite (Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 2012), 117-145.
“Jews, Camels, and ‘Literal’ Exegesis: The Pelagian Treatise De Divitiis,” in Asceticism and Exegesis in Early Christianity: Reception and Use of New Testament Texts in Ancient Christian Ascetic Discourses, ed. Hans-Ulrich Weidemann, with Introduction by Elizabeth A. Clark (Göttingen: Vandenhoek & Ruprecht, 2013), 428-444.
“From East to West: Christianity, Asceticism, and Nineteenth-Century Protestant Professors in America,” in Ascetic Culture: Essays in Honor of Philip Rousseau, ed. Blake Leyerle and Robin Darling Young (Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 2013), 405-443.
“Romanizing Protestantism in Nineteenth-Century America: John Williamson Nevin, the Fathers, and the ‘Mercersburg Theology,’” in Studia Patristica (Papers of the 2011 Oxford International Patristics Conference) (Leuven: Peeters Press, 2013).
“From Italy to Harvard: George LaPiana and Catholic Modernism,” Church History 83.1 (March 2014): 145-153.
“Journeys in Church History: The Retrospective Self,” The Catholic Historical Review 101.1 (Winter 2015): 1-27. Invited essay.
“From Patristics to Late Antiquity at The Catholic Historical Review,” The Catholic Historical Review 101 (2015): 27-71. 150th Anniversary Issue of The Catholic Historical Review; commissioned essay.
“‘Historical Development’ and Early Christianity: George Tyrrell’s Modernist Adaptation and Critique,” in Christians Shaping Identity from the Roman Empire to Byzantium, ed. Geoffrey D. Dunn and Wendy Mayer (Leiden: Brill Press, 2015), 454-477.
“Arthur Cleveland Coxe, the Ante-Nicene Fathers, and Roman Catholicism,” Anglican and Episcopal History 85.2 (June 2016): 1-30.
“Augustine and American Professors in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries: From Adulation to Critique,” Studia Patristica 98 (Leuven: Peeters, 2017), Vol. 24: 667-674.
The Fathers Refounded: Protestant Liberalism, Roman Catholic Modernism, and the Teaching of Ancient Christianity in Early Twentieth-Century America (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2019).
“Scripture and Asceticism,” in Oxford Handbook of Early Christian Biblical Interpretation, ed. Paul Blowers and Peter Martens, 492-509 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019).
Melania the Younger: From Rome to Jerusalem. Women in Antiquity. New York: Oxford University Press, 2021.
“Transatlantic Mentoring: Philip Schaff and Arthur Cushman McGiffert,” in Transatlantic Religion: Continental European and American Dialogues, ed. Zachary Purvis and Annette Aubert (Leiden: Brill, 2021).
“‘The Schleiermacher of Antiquity’: Clement of Alexandria, Origen, and Athanasius in the Nineteenth-Century Protestant Imaginary,” in Alexandrian Personae: Scholarly Culture and Religious Tradition in Ancient Alexandria